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Diet in diseases of the pancreas and biliary


02.06.2015
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Diet in diseases of the pancreas and biliary


Diet in diseases of the pancreas and biliary guidelines :

   Diet in diseases of the pancreas and biliary tract should contain the normal amount of calories, provided for the population, but with the reduction of fat, while increasing carbohydrate intake. Meals should be eaten five times a day, with moderate volume (without overeating). An important element is the amount of fat and form of the meal, which is digested by pancreatic juice. The best way to prepare food are: steaming, stewing without frying, roasting in the foil or parchment. The best ratio of essential nutrients in the daily ration should be: protein - 65-90 g, fat - 40-50 g, carbohydrates - 345 g amount of fiber in the diet is dependent on individual tolerance. The diet high in vitamins C and E is advisable.





Products recommended in diseases of the pancreas and biliary diet:

• Low-fat milk, skim milk, buttermilk (up to 0.5 liters per day), sour milk products, skimmed yoghurt, low fat cottage cheese and cheese (up to 3% fat), sour cream with 10% fat, condensed milk with 5% and 7.5 % fat, kefir,
• flour, potato flour, oats and wheat, rice, meal, pudding, pasta, corn flakes, soy bean sprouts, lentil sprouts, corn,
• wheat bread, toast, crackers, crusty bread, well baked bread mixed, Graham, wholemeal bread, yeast cake, sponge cake, fruit cake, gingerbread, rolls, corn crisps,
• sugar, fructose, glucose, honey, jelly, marmalade, sweeteners,
• apples and pears peeled, bananas, oranges, tangerines, grapefruit, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, melons, kiwi, peaches, apricots, stewed fruit from above,
• cumin, anise, fennel, cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg, bay leaves, juniper berries, allspice, tomato paste, ketchup. In the individual tolerance also: curry, chilli, garlic, onion, sweet pepper, the herbs,
• black tea, weak coffee beans, fruit and vegetable juices, milk shakes, milk, cocoa with skimmed milk or low fat, herbal teas, mineral water, still water,
• veal, lean beef, lamb, tripe, liver, kidney, chicken, turkey, dove, pheasant, wild duck, rabbit, hare, deer, boar, horse,
• fat-free lean ham, cold roast, cured meat, canned, jellied veal, chicken in aspic, meat of poultry,
• lean meat-broth, slightly seasoned soup, salad with low fat content,
• butter, margarine, soft, vegetable oils (sunflower, soybean, corn), olive oil,
• perch, cod, flounder, sole, trout, pike, tench, crabs, crayfish, fish in jelly, fresh tuna, perch, hake, pollock, halibut, plaice,
• potatoes, salted potatoes, mashed potatoes, potato dumplings with boiled potatoes,
• young carrots, young turnips, asparagus, cauliflower, spinach, cabbage, radishes, beets, celery, tomatoes and peeled cucumbers, mushrooms, lettuce, all salads seasoned with vinegar or lemon juice, eggplant, zucchini, fennel, broccoli,
• soft-boiled egg, omelette with foam, loose scrambled egg to thicken soups, sauces, dessert, soufflés, chicken protein. Yolk is contraindicated in diseases of the biliary tract.



Products not recommended in diseases of the pancreas and biliary diet:

• Fat cheese, spicy types of cheese, fromage, fudge,
• coarse grains, wheat germ, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, walnuts, almonds,
• fresh bread, cakes, pastry, cakes fried in fat (donuts, pancakes, macaroons), crackers, shortbread biscuits, butter rolls, cream puffs, cheesecake, crumble,
• sweets (candy, chocolate, praline or chocolate)
• unripe fruit, plums, gooseberries, currants, apples and pears with skin, avocado
• acute mustard, pepper, red pepper in large quantities, the essence of english sauces, mayonnaise,
• strong coffee beans, carbonated drinks, alcohol,
• fatty beef, veal, pork, mutton, heavily salted, heavily charred meat, breaded, baked in meat fat, fat poultry (duck, goose), hearts, tongues, brains, skin of poultry,
• all greasy and heavily smoked varieties of sausage, ground pork, minced meat, pies, brawn, salami, sausages, black pudding,
• the fat chicken broth, butter sauces, boiled bones,
• lard, tallow, hard margarine,
• carp, herring, eel, mackerel, salmon, halibut, turbot, tuna in oil, sardines in oil,
• french fries, potato salad with mayonnaise, potato pancakes, fried potatoes,
• onions, garlic, red and italian cabbage, peas, beans, soybeans,
• hard-boiled eggs, fried eggs, scrambled eggs on bacon, egg yolks.




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